example home work unit #9

example home work unit #9

AUF

This is an example.

As for the ethnic component, the Roman Empire was essentially not firmly connected conglomerate of nationalities and tribes, significantly different in terms of its development, forms of economic life, language and culture.The balance in the empire was maintained by the troops. A common culture which was distributed throughout the empire was the Greco-roman. Ancient Rome was inhabited by all tribes and peoples who lived in the conquered territories and in the conquered countries, they were Iberians, Celts, Gauls, Germanic tribes, Italics, Dacians, Greeks, African tribes, the Thracians, the Phrygians, Armenians, Syrians, Jews, Egyptians and other.

The Romans, despite their numerical disproportion with the whole population of the empire, secured the special prerogatives of the Roman citizenship, and for a long time bore the burden of the empire forming. Equalizing them in the civil status with the original Italians (the Etruscans, Samnites), and then, other representatives of other ethnic groups, deprived the state of its core fundamentals and as a result it led to a rapid decline of the empire.

Loss of state-forming role of the Byzantine Greeks did not lead to based on political equality, integration of the peoples of the Eastern Roman Empire, it led to the growth of ethnic separatism, which determined the status of the state crisis. Empire could live through local ethno-political crises of Armenians, Bulgarians, Syrians, etc., but not through the breakdown of imperial ethnos - Greeks.

The ethnic composition of the US population is pied. The initial elements of it were natives-Indians, European immigrants (British, Irish, Germans, Scandinavians) and Black men slaves from Africa. Among Europeans, mostly were immigrants from the British Isles, which ensured the supremacy of the English language and culture. Since the end of the XIX century, immigrants from South and Eastern Europe began to dominate (Italians, Greeks, Czechs, Poles, Ukrainian), and now they come from Latin America and Asia. New immigrants markedly differed in their language and culture. They settled in compact groups and only in the cities, in which they could to some extent preserve their ethnic isolation.

Contemporary American nation - is primarily a result of ethnic mixing and merging of immigrants from different parts of the world, especially from Europe and Africa. The US population represents all three major races of mankind.

The sheer size of the United States, dynamic development of economies and ability to assimilate a significant number of immigrants, leading them to the local culture, always determined some features of such empire as America. As Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. said in the early twentieth century, "We - the Romans in the modern world, we - the great assimilating people"

So, given the example of the Roman Empire and the United States, we can conclude that all the big and powerful states cannot be in the framework of just any one nationality. Always there is a large inflow of immigrants. With the influx of immigrants comes assimilation of peoples, blending of cultures and traditions; it was in ancient times, so it is now. But assimilation brings both positive and negative consequences. Positive in my view is the enrichment of the native population with new methods, ideas, views from newcomers. The negative consequence - is the loss of identity and even independence, as it happened in the Crimea in 2014. At first people lose their language, and then the loose the territory. But preventing of the flow of immigrants is not always possible.