U S Secretary Of State

U S Secretary Of State


U S Secretary Of State
What are the Qualifications of a Secretary of State? He ought to be a Man of universal Reading in Laws, Governments, History. Our whole terrestrial Universe ought to be summarily comprehended in his Mind.

^ "Protocol Reference" . United States Department of State . Retrieved January 31, 2021 .

^ "UNITED NATIONS HEADS OF STATE, Protocol and Liaison Service" (PDF) . United Nations . January 29, 2021 . Retrieved January 31, 2021 .

^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act" . Cornell Law School .

^ a b 5 U.S.C.   § 5312 .

^ "Heads of State, Heads of Government, Ministers for Foreign Affairs" , Protocol and Liaison Service, United Nations . Retrieved November 2, 2012.

^ NATO Member Countries , NATO . Retrieved November 2, 2012.

^ "Cabinets and Counselors: The President and the Executive Branch" (1997). Congressional Quarterly . p. 87.

^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 117th Congress - 1st Session" . www.senate.gov . Retrieved January 31, 2021 .

^ a b "Duties of the Secretary of State" . U.S. Department of State . Retrieved February 1, 2017 .

^ Ford, Worthington C. , ed. (1927). Statesman and Friend: Correspondence of John Adams with Benjamin Waterhouse, 1784–1822 . Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company . p.  57 .

^ "Duties of the Secretary of State of the United States" . www.state.gov . United States Department of State. January 20, 2009 . Retrieved March 28, 2010 .

^ "3 U.S. Code § 20 - Resignation or refusal of office" . LII / Legal Information Institute . Retrieved January 31, 2021 .

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* Ambiguity exists concerning eligibility to act as president

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The United States Sec­re­tary of State im­ple­ments for­eign pol­icy for the U.S. gov­ern­ment as the head of the U.S. De­part­ment of State . Cre­ated in 1789, the Cab­i­net po­si­tion is anal­o­gous to a for­eign min­is­ter in other countries. [5] [6]

The sec­re­tary of state is nom­i­nated by the pres­i­dent of the United States and, fol­low­ing a con­fir­ma­tion hear­ing be­fore the Sen­ate Com­mit­tee on For­eign Re­la­tions , is con­firmed by the United States Sen­ate . The sec­re­tary of state, along with the sec­re­tary of the trea­sury , sec­re­tary of de­fense , and at­tor­ney gen­eral , are gen­er­ally re­garded as the four most cru­cial Cab­i­net mem­bers be­cause of the im­por­tance of their re­spec­tive departments. [7] Sec­re­tary of State is a Level I po­si­tion in the Ex­ec­u­tive Sched­ule and thus earns the salary pre­scribed for that level (cur­rently US$ 210,700). [4]

The cur­rent sec­re­tary of state is Antony Blinken , who was con­firmed on Jan­u­ary 26, 2021 by the Sen­ate by a vote of 78-22. [8]

The stated du­ties of the sec­re­tary of state are to su­per­vise the United States for­eign ser­vice and im­mi­gra­tion pol­icy and ad­min­is­ter the De­part­ment of State. The sec­re­tary must also ad­vise the pres­i­dent on U.S. for­eign mat­ters such as the ap­point­ment of diplo­mats and am­bas­sadors , ad­vis­ing the pres­i­dent of the dis­missal and re­call of these per­sons. The sec­re­tary of state can con­duct ne­go­ti­a­tions, in­ter­pret, and ter­mi­nate treaties re­lat­ing to for­eign pol­icy. The sec­re­tary also can par­tic­i­pate in in­ter­na­tional con­fer­ences, or­ga­ni­za­tions, and agen­cies as a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the United States. The sec­re­tary com­mu­ni­cates is­sues re­lat­ing to the U.S. for­eign pol­icy to Con­gress and cit­i­zens. The sec­re­tary also pro­vides ser­vices to U.S. cit­i­zens liv­ing or trav­el­ing abroad such as pro­vid­ing cre­den­tials in the form of pass­ports . Doing this, the sec­re­tary also en­sures the pro­tec­tion of cit­i­zens, their prop­erty, and in­ter­ests in for­eign countries. [9]

Sec­re­taries of state also have do­mes­tic re­spon­si­bil­i­ties, en­trusted in 1789, when the po­si­tion was first cre­ated. These in­clude the pro­tec­tion and cus­tody of the Great Seal of the United States , and the prepa­ra­tion of some pres­i­den­tial procla­ma­tions . In the process of ex­tra­dit­ing fugi­tives to or from the coun­try, the sec­re­tary serves as the chan­nel of com­mu­ni­ca­tion be­tween for­eign gov­ern­ments, the fed­eral gov­ern­ment, and the states. [9]

Most of the do­mes­tic func­tions of the De­part­ment of State have been trans­ferred to other agencies. [ when? ] [ why? ] Those that re­main in­clude stor­age and use of the Great Seal, per­for­mance of pro­to­col func­tions for the White House , and the draft­ing of cer­tain procla­ma­tions. The sec­re­tary also ne­go­ti­ates with the in­di­vid­ual states over the ex­tra­di­tion of fugi­tives to for­eign countries. [11] Under fed­eral law, [12] the res­ig­na­tion of a pres­i­dent or of a vice pres­i­dent is only valid if de­clared in writ­ing, in an in­stru­ment de­liv­ered to the of­fice of the sec­re­tary of state. Ac­cord­ingly, the res­ig­na­tions of Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon and of Vice Pres­i­dent Spiro Agnew were for­mal­ized in in­stru­ments de­liv­ered to then-Sec­re­tary of State Henry Kissinger .

As the high­est-rank­ing mem­ber of the cab­i­net, the sec­re­tary of state is the third-high­est of­fi­cial of the ex­ec­u­tive branch of the U.S. fed­eral gov­ern­ment, after the pres­i­dent and vice pres­i­dent, and is fourth in line to suc­ceed the pres­i­dency , after the vice pres­i­dent , the speaker of the House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives , and the pres­i­dent pro tem­pore of the Sen­ate . Six past sec­re­taries of state -- Jef­fer­son , Madi­son , Mon­roe , John Quincy Adams , Van Buren and Buchanan -- have gone on to be elected pres­i­dent. Oth­ers, in­clud­ing Henry Clay , William Se­ward , James Blaine , William Jen­nings Bryan , John Kerry , and Hillary Clin­ton have also cam­paigned as pres­i­den­tial can­di­dates, ei­ther be­fore or after their term of of­fice as Sec­re­tary of State, but were ul­ti­mately un­suc­cess­ful.

Mr. Secretary (informal) The Honorable [1] (formal) His Excellency [2] (diplomatic)
July 27, 1789 ; 231 years ago  ( 1789-07-27 )
Preceded by Ambassadors from the United States (while at their posts)

Succeeded by Ambassadors to the United States (in order of tenure)

Preceded by Otherwise Barack Obama as Former President

The Secretary of State - United States Department of State
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Antony J. Blinken was sworn in as the 71st U.S. Secretary of State on January 26, 2021.

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