HOT IBS - Free at Last! by Patsy Catsos (Goodreads Author) how to price finder online offlineHOT IBS - Free at Last! by Patsy Catsos (Goodreads Author) how to price finder online offline
The Crimean WarPhilip WarnerThis is a very informative book on the the larger scale of the Crimean War. Most of what I have read on the subject has been about the Charge of the Light Brigade, and it was very helpful to see the larger picture. The book is compiled with a wonderful variety of quotes and letters, (serious and humorous) from all sides of the war; the English, the French, the Russians, and even an American. At the beginning of the book he seems to take a more technical and more вЂњprofessor-likeвЂќ expression in his writing, but as the book continues he gets better and a little more understandable, and his last few chapters are quite excellent.It is fascinating for me to learn about all the connections throughout history, and the Crimean War affected a lot more than I ever expected. Some of the affects of the war were this: 1. The Sales of Commissions. The Crimean War helped to bring an end to the Sales of Commissions. This was when you could purchase your rank, depending on how much money you had, without ever having served in active duty. The price went anywhere from ВЈ1,200 (Ensign) to ВЈ9,000 (Lieutenant Colonel). Because of this, many men bought their positions, and when war came, proved totally incompetent to their duty. The high point of this was reached during the Crimean War when many unwise orders were given to bad leadership and knowledge of war, though it wasnвЂ™t for several years after the war ended that this reform was brought about.2. Medical Reform. Before, and during, the war, there was a serious lack in proper medical care for the armies. During the war most of the casualties caused were not from the actual fighting, but rather from sickness and disease like Cholera. Of the 18,058 British soldiers who died, only 1,761 of them died in action. The other 16,297 died of disease (and 13,150 of those casualties happened in the first 9 months). вЂњAlthough bad smells -with the exception of that from farmyard manure- were thought to be unhealthy there was no understanding of why this might be so. Only after the Crimean War was over did Pasteur and Lister prove that microbes and bacteria existed; viruses were a discovery for the distant future. However, even if they had been known and understood it is unlikely the knowledge would have made a difference in the Crimean War. Surgery, as far as the battlefield was concerned, consisted mainly of an amputation... Chloroform had, of course, been invented ten years before the Crimean War broke out but was not used much; there was a suspicion -well founded- that some patients who might otherwise have recovered died because of the anesthetic. вЂYell and get wellвЂ™ was considered to be preferable to вЂSleep, and have your relations weep.вЂќ But by the second year, much awareness had been raised, and people like Florence Nightingale helped immensely to get proper medical treatment for the soldiers. The medical reform went on from there.3. The India Mutiny. This is more a side affect, but the connection is amazing. Warner says, вЂњWhile Britain was engaged in the Crimean War -and apparently by no means having matters in her own way- the Shah of Persia had decided that now was the time to increase hi own prestige at the expense of Britain, and improve his standing as a world power by a successful war. The former he decided to do by being offhand to the British Minister; the latter by invading Afghanistan and capturing Herat. As soon as the Crimean War was over Palmerston lost no time in teaching the Shah what he felt to be a suitable lesson. The ensuing brisk little war in which the ShahвЂ™s army was soundly beaten at the Battle of Kooshauh came to an end in March 1857, but this too had repercussions, for the army which had beaten the Persians was drawn from India. Had India not been so drained of British troops the Mutiny might not have occurred... It will be appreciated that any war has far-reaching effects; some good, some bad.вЂќ There were many more side affects to the war, but these were the most significant. One of my favorite parts in the summary of the war is this:вЂњIn the public mind to this day the Crimean War was a futile struggle of a disease-ridden army, dying like flies, whose only redeeming feature was the gallant Charge of the Light Brigade. The truth was of course, very different: the Charge of the Light Brigade was of no importance whatever except perhaps as a symbol of the courage which made the British Army face impossible odds and usually win through. The great achievement of the war was the rapid and miraculous transformation of an obsolete system, which had not been used for forty years, into a highly efficient up-to-date force, while at the same time not losing any battles, as the Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman showed. It demonstrated the vital importance of marksmanship, the first with the MiniГ© but later with the Enfield which replaced it -that would be used with deadly certainty in 1914. There would of course be other mistakes; there would be other set-backs in India, Zululand and South Africa, but the Crimean War served as a vital purpose in that it checked the decay which might have ruined the British Army and made it quite unfit for its future tasks.вЂќ Though definitely not a just war, it makes for a fascinating study.Favorite Quotes:вЂњUnfortunately, many people have been given the impression-though not from books listed in the bibliography- that most of the British Army perished in the Charge of the Light Brigade, and the remnants were nursed back to health personally by Florence Nightingale... The Charge of the Light Brigade was of no importance whatever except perhaps as a symbol of courage which made the British Army face impossible odds and usually win through.вЂќ
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